Rattans, belonging to the subfamily Calamoideae, are spiny and climbing palms. They are found in the forest of Asia and the Far East as in equatorial Africa. Their greatest diversity is in peninsular Malaysia and Kalimantan (Indonesia).
Indonesia is the country with the world’s greatest rattan stocks. The country dominates the global trade in rattan with more than 80% of rattan traded coming Indonesia.
The rattan’s stem, reffered to as cane, stripped of its leaf sheets is solid and strong, uniform, light, and flexible. It can be bent and will hold various shapes. The canes can be used as whole form for furniture, or split, peeled or cored for matting and basketry. Out of around 300 species of rattan found in Indonesia, only a few have commercial value.